COVID-19 MODULAR ISOLATION SHELTER
Location : Indonesia
Typology : Temporary Shelter
Year : 2021
Floor Area : 11.52 m²
Client : N/A
Status : Idea
Role : Architectural Design
The rise of COVID cases in Indonesia has increased the demand of self-isolation shelter. At the same, time the society, especially living in the low-income high density area, cannot afford to have appropriate isolation space within their dwelling. Due to the limited affordable land, most of them have to live in a cramped living space that lack of ventilation. There are even families of four that have to live in 3 x 3-meter square hut. This kind of situation has given significant impact to the deterioration of the pandemic. Therefore, it is important to be able to create a COVID isolation shelter system that can be applied in these high-density areas, in order to support self-isolation activity and suppresses COVID infection.
There are some prevailing methods for isolation that have been implemented around Indonesia, such as using existing houses or big bunker to accommodate COVID patients. Nevertheless, such methods still have some drawbacks. For example, the method of using of houses is not always available in everyplace, especially in very dense low income society with overcapacity houses. The available houses are sometimes distant from user’s home, causing the COVID patients to choose staying at their own house with their families. Sometimes, the selected houses for isolation also do not meet the standard of COVID isolation shelter as they are not designed for that purpose. It is not effective either to build a new standardised shelter, moreover with wet construction, as that will cost a lot of time and not sustainable since it will be used only for a short period of time. The other trend of using big buildings such as hangar or ex-industrial facilities for mass accommodation is also not very effective as most of them are lack of contagion prevention features and insufficient sanitary facilities.
This proposal aims to create a design solution through manifestation of modular system isolation shelter that is adaptive to various kind of site, sustainable, and also can be mass-produced and distributed easily to the sites. This design also addresses issues related to contagion prevention, loneliness during isolation period and distribution of goods to the isolated patient. Thus the society can experience comfortable living during their isolation period, and in a long run hopefully this system can also help reducing the infection.